The Fiske Center Blog

Weblog for the Fiske Center for Archaeological Research at the University of Massachusetts Boston.

June 4, 2015
by Fiske Center
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Getting started in Plymouth

After some shovel test pits and a few rainy days, we have gotten going on our larger excavation units on Burial Hill in Plymouth, MA. We are continuing our work from last year along School Street, looking for places where 17th-century deposits might be preserved in a narrow strip of land between the historic burials and the foundations of buildings that used to front on School Street.

Dr. David Landon orienting the students to the site on Burial Hill.

Dr. David Landon orienting the students to the site on Burial Hill.

This year we are testing the southern end of the street with several 1 x 2 meter excavation units. We have four which we started yesterday; all of them are still in progress and encountering cultural deposits of different ages. As we found last year, units that are quite close together have very different strata and artifact types.

One of the excavation units.

One of the excavation units.

We have placed these units based on historic map data and on several weeks of intensive geophysical survey by Drs. John Steinberg and Brian Damiata. We will probably be working in this area for the next few weeks, so if you are in Plymouth, please stop by and visit!

April 27, 2015
by Jessica Rymer
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Conference on New England Archaeology annual meeting to be held Saturday, May 2

The Conference on New England Archaeology will hold its annual meeting on Saturday, May 2, at Old Sturbridge Village in the Fuller Conference Center beginning at 9 AM.  This year’s theme is “When is ‘Enough’ Enough?: The Archaeological Curation Crisis in the 21st Century.”

From the current chair, Historical Archaeology MA student Danielle Cathcart:

“Ten years ago, the Heritage Health Index quantified the truth behind archaeology’s “dirty little secret” (http://www.heritagepreservation.org/HHI/full.html). It showed that over 60% of our national collections—nearly 3 billion artifacts—have sustained damage due to improper storage, with more than a quarter existing in a constant state of deterioration in institutions with no environmental controls. The passage of historic preservation legislation in the 1960s, ‘70s, and ‘90s ushered in an era of unprecedented discovery and collections gathering empowered by federal mandates to minimize the effects of development on buried and extant cultural resources. Subsequently, archaeological research in both academic and CRM endeavors has amassed a staggering amount of objects and information that now languishes in deteriorating bags and boxes—poorly curated, underreported, and orphaned from its associated contextual documentation. Awareness is no longer the issue. Immediate action and thoughtful planning is necessary if archaeology intends to remain a sustainable and meaningful enterprise. We must begin to develop workable solutions to a problem we’ve been facing for the past four decades—a problem that will continue to worsen until we can begin to think critically about what we collect, for what purpose, and why it deserves to be preserved in perpetuity.”

Historical Archaeology MA students Allie Crowder and Janice Nosal will also be presenting.  Pre-registration is not required.

For more details, see the event on Facebook.

March 13, 2015
by John Steinberg
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Archaeological Field Study Programs at UMass Boston for the Summer of 2015

The College of Advancing and Professional Studies (CAPS) has put out its lineup for Field Study Programs this summer. UMass Boston is offering an unprecedented 4 archaeological Field schools.  Two of the field schools are being run under the auspices  of the Fiske CenterHistorical Archaeology at Hassanamesit Woods and  the Archaeological Field School in Plymouth, Massachusetts.  The other two are being offered through the Department of Anthropology: Maya Archaeology and the Eastern Pequot Archaeological Field School.

February 10, 2015
by John Steinberg
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Dr. Karin J. Goldstein, 1965-2015

Karin Goldstein on top of Burial Hill, on a rainy day, explaining her vision of the archaeology for Plymouth  400th.   Standing behind her, from right to left is Lee Hartmann, (Director of Planning and Development for the Town of Plymouth) David Landon (Assistant Director of the Fiske Center for Archaeological Research at UMass Boston) and Richard Pickering (Deputy Director of Plimoth Plantation)

Karin Goldstein on top of Burial Hill, on a rainy day, explaining her vision of the archaeology for Plymouth 400th. Standing behind her, from right to left is Lee Hartmann, (Director of Planning and Development for the Town of Plymouth) David Landon (Assistant Director of the Fiske Center for Archaeological Research at UMass Boston) and Richard Pickering (Deputy Director of Plimoth Plantation)

Our good friend and colleague Karin Goldstein passed away on January 28, 2015.  She will be sorely missed. There are so many students of Plymouth who owe so much to Karin.  She was an amazing resource who knew so much about the town of Plymouth. Luckily for us, she was so generous with her knowledge.

Karin was a historian and curator at Plimoth Plantation. Karin had  MA’s from the University of Leicester (1991, Nomenclature of Museum Objects) and UMass Boston (2001, Creation of a New England Gentry: The Winslows of Plymouth Colony).  She received her PhD in American studies from Boston University in 2006 (From Pilgrims to Poverty: Biography of an Urban Renewal Neighborhood in Plymouth, Massachusetts).  In 2013 she published a History of Jewish Plymouth.  We have lost a great scholar.

As 2020 approaches we will try and remember her energy, enthusiasm, and knowledge of the town and the events of the 15th Century.

There is a wonderful interview with Karin in Archaeology from 2006 about Thanksgiving at Plimoth.

A memorial celebration will be held in the Hornblower Visitors Center at the Plimoth Plantation on Wednesday, February 11, 2015, at 3 p.m.

 

See more at:

http://www.legacy.com/obituaries/wickedlocal-plymouth/obituary.aspx?n=karin-j-goldstein&pid=174051271&fhid=25389#sthash.t3dIriOL.dPYSIZ3M.dpuf

Karin Goldstein

Karin Goldstein

http://www.cartmellfuneralhome.com/obituary/Karin-J.-Goldstein/Plymouth-MA/1477790

February 3, 2015
by John Steinberg
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Thesis Process mini-course

Sword_CrosierHere is the new Mini-Course schedule,  running for five weeks on Wednesdays 3:00-4:00 pm, just before Anth 625 in Room 503:

In the first two weeks we will talk about connecting data-method-theory and how to create research questions out of those connections (sometimes called the middle range).  We will then give examples of successful proposals, talk about the logistics of finishing the thesis , and finally provide descriptions of ongoing research.

Schedule
February 4:     Developing research questions, part 1
February 11:   Developing research questions, part 2
February 18:   Examples of successful proposals
February 25:   Understanding the process and reasonable timelines
March 4:         Project fair – a chance to hear about research opportunities on faculty and Center projects

December 14, 2014
by John Steinberg
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Geophysics at the Fowler Clark Farmstead in Mattapan

Using the CMD mini at Fowler-Clark

Using the CMD mini at Fowler-Clark

We are half way through a survey of the Fowler Clark Farmstead in Mattapan.  We were set back a little by the nor’easter last week, but will be out again finishing the GPR survey on Monday and Tuesday (December 15-16).

The geophysical work in on behalf of Historic Boston Inc., who would like to keep the pastoral setting of the farmstead. Today the 200-year-old farmstead sits on half an acre at Hosmer and Norfolk streets.  It is not known when the main farmhouse was built, but it appears on maps drawn between 1786 & 1806.  The barn is from about 1860.  You can learn more about this project on their blog which as a great 3D scan done by Feldman Land Surveyors.

We have some very preliminary results from the CMD.  The CMD is one of the instruments we were able to purchase with our recent NSF grant for work in Iceland from 2015-2017.  In 2013 we got a small grant to test these out in Iceland and like the unit very much, especially the temperature compensation.   That compensation algorithm turned out to be particularly important for the current November –December survey.

CMD 3 conductivity preliminary readings at Fowler-Clark

CMD 3 conductivity preliminary readings at Fowler-Clark

We surveyed with 25 cm transect intervals and fiducials mostly at 5 m.  This is the clipped conductivity 3 (largest dipole center distance – 1.18m)  readings.  The image mostly shows the distribution of sub-surface and near surface metal.

We will post more as we process it.

 

December 10, 2014
by Stephen Mrozowski
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The History Channel’s Giant Problem

Mrozowski after visiting Goshen

Mrozowski after visiting Goshen

When I was asked to appear on this History Channel show, Search for the Lost Giants, Episode 3 the producers told me that it concerned local mysteries and stone structures. I had recently visited several stone structures in Massachusetts, the builders of which remain a mystery. Therefore, I was curious to see what Bill and Jim had discovered.

The Goshen Tunnel that I inspected on the show was an intriguing structure comprised of a well, with a tunnel running from its base. The Vieiras’ interest was certainly genuine, and I admired their enthusiasm – not everyone has a dedication to get to the bottom of local mysteries and at some level all archaeologists have a reservoir of curiosity for questions of history.  I did not find any physical evidence that confirmed for me that the structure was built using modern metal tools such as chisels or pry bars, and I said as such. In my estimation the best explanation for the tunnel was that it was linked to some illegal activity: maybe to counterfeiting or  to the smuggling of bootleg liquor  probably coming from Canada.  The liquor could have been kept cool in the tunnel, which could have been concealed by a metal or stone cap placed at the bottom of the well, but above the level of the tunnel so that water could be filled in to make the well look like, well a well.  The day after the visit, I e-mailed Bill to look in the well for a possible ridge upon which the cap could have been seated. None of this appeared in the episode.

My point isn’t to question either the sincerity or motivation of Bill and Jim in pursuing their interest in the possibility of giants or the presence of a burial chamber connected to the Goshen Tunnel. I only wish they had shared this intended direction with me either before or during the filming or post-production information exchanges. During the 19th century, all sorts of theories were developed to explain the many large mounds and earthen structures located throughout North America.  Among others theories were put forward that linked the construction of these mounds to one of the lost tribes of Israel, Old World civilizations such as the Phoenicians, and a race of giants.  In 1890, Cyrus Thomas published the results of his review of all of the archaeological evidence collected from mound sites across North America. He concluded that the evidence confirmed that these large mound complexes were the work the indigenous populations. Archaeologists know today that these were the centers of complex, highly sophisticated indigenous societies. Attempts to link such structures to non indigenous peoples is part of a larger attempt to end Native American history and to replace that history with an American narrative that denies the identity of North America’s indigenous peoples. The perpetuation of long discredited ideas concerning a race of giants is an affront to the indigenous peoples of North America and need to be recognized as such.