Masika wanted to finish strong!

“Masika” is the Kiswahili word for the long rainy season that runs approximately from late March until mid-May or the end of May. Last weekend it didn’t rain Friday through Sunday and we thought it might be the end of the rainy season. But, then it rained on Monday and several other days this week. Saturday (yesterday) was sunny and dry, but overnight we had intense rain. It has rained all day today. Masika seems to want us to know it is not over yet.

After my workout (indoors), I went out on the balcony to look at the river running through the streets by our apartment. The water is currently at least ankle deep. My brave husband has ventured out to go lead his book club this afternoon. Teaching and learning is always happening.

Watch the rice bag float down the road.

 

Keep watching for the red bag.

 

Here is a final video taken from the staff bus on the way home from the university last week. The sound is just people on the bus talking.

How did I end up in a movie?

I have been so busy with lots of things, but mostly research and teaching so I haven’t been blogging. We are doing exams this week and next week and then we will have a short three-week vacation before the next semester starts.

A couple of months ago, my friend Peter asked if I would help out with a movie.  He is an actor  and a tour guide, and now a student. He said they needed a “mzungu” woman who could speak Swahili. Mzungu is the word that generally means “white,” but is also used for foreigners from Europe and North America. One of the actors, who does a lot of short films and commercials as a character, Mau Mpemba, came to talk to me about the film and what I needed to do in the film. I didn’t really know what I was getting into, but I figured it would be fun and a new cultural experience. The character of Mau Mpemba is a trickster and the shorts he is in are all comedy and some include animation.

On the afternoon we were going to shoot the film, Peter met us in town to take a daladala (small public mini-bus) to the area where we were going to make the movie. As usual, people looked at us suspiciously because the tourists don’t often ride daladalas. It was tight and full and hot inside. When we got off the daladala at our destination, Mau came to the road and met us and guided us on a dirt road to a house off the main road. It was a very large, beautiful house with three stories and nice balconies on the side. The finishings were very nice. Throughout the afternoon and evening, we met the family who lived there as they wandered through the house. We learned the house belonged to a relative of one of the filming crew.

We sat around for a little bit while they set up lights and fixed a few things in the living room that would be where the first scene took place. Then we started filming. Keith was there and gave advice as we filmed to improve lighting and he also talked about ways to make it more realistic. He had some good insights about what would really happen in a mzungu house in Zanzibar or Tanzania and the relationship between the woman of the household and the staff.

We did many takes and because there was no set script, I had to remember what I said each time and be consistent, especially when they were shooting the other characters, but still collecting my sound for the take. This was especially hard for me in Swahili. I am a visual person and would have remembered it better if I had written it down. But, I think it turned out okay.

I enjoyed my dinner of fish and muffa (a puffy Zanzibari bread) at the very end and then we walked back to the road and got a daladala to return to town.

Even if you don’t speak Swahili, you can understand the gist of the story from the acting. It is a  trickster story where Mau Mpemba tricks me into eating the fish I said I didn’t want and I liked it.

Now that it is on YouTube, people who are familiar with the Mau Mpemba character are watching it and the page views are increasing rapidly (much to my surprise). The other day, I was walking home from work and a security guard stopped me and asked it I could step to the side. I was a little startled and concerned about what I might have done wrong. He said “please wait one minute. I need to show you something on my phone.” This made me suspicious. It took him a few minutes, but he then pulled up the movie on YouTube and asked it that was me. I said yes. He then asked me if I was a famous actress. Of course, I said no, I am a professor, but a friend had asked me if I would help with the film. He then told me that if I needed anything, to just ask. I have walked that way a few times and there has been a different guard, but I was quite shocked that someone recognized me so quickly.

 

Here is the short, if you haven’t seen it based on the link on my Facebook page. Yeye kwa yeye Short Movie

Christmas Decorations in Zanzibar

While the population of Zanzibar is mostly Muslim, (we have read up to 99%, but statistics vary) there are still Christians living on the island and many tourists come to celebrate Christmas here for a nice vacation. Many of the hotels put up Christmas trees and decorations. Here is a sampling of some of the decorations that we saw over the last few weeks.

 

Fun things to do in Zanzibar

I have been negligent in posting recently and haven’t even put up the pictures and information from when our friends, the Powers, came to visit for Thanksgiving and Christmas and the New Year have already past.

This was the first day when we drove around the island to see the beaches and then went to see monkeys in Jozani Forest. On Tuesday, when we both went to work, they went on a spice tour and relaxed in the afternoon. On Wednesday, we went to Prison Island, snorkeled and had lunch on the sand bar. On Thursday, we did a city tour. Friday, they saw a little more of the island and I went to the university. Here are a few pictures of the things we did with them.

A beach view for lunch on the east coast of the island.

A beach view for lunch on the east coast of the island.

 

Jozani Forest

Mangrove trees in Jozani Forest

 

My juice and coconut drink.

My juice and coconut drink.

 

On Tuesday evening, we showed them the beautiful sunsets we get in Stone Town.

On Tuesday evening, we showed them the beautiful sunsets we get in Stone Town.

 

Feeding the aldabra tortoises on Prison Island

Feeding the aldabra tortoises on Prison Island

 

A view of Stone Town from the Sand bar where we relaxed and had lunch after snorkeling.

A view of Stone Town from the Sand bar where we relaxed and had lunch after snorkeling.

 

Freshly cooked seafood and fresh fruits for lunch made for us and caught and brought to the island.

Freshly cooked seafood and fresh fruits for lunch made for us and caught and brought to the island.

 

The Anglican Church where the slave market used to be in Stone Town.

The Anglican Church where the slave market used to be in Stone Town.

A sculpture created to memorialize the events at the slave market in the 1800s.

A sculpture created to memorialize the events at the slave market in the 1800s.

We finished the trip with drinks before a casual Thanksgiving dinner and a lovely sunset.

The sunset behind me from the rooftop restaurant at their hotel.

The sunset behind me from the rooftop restaurant at their hotel.

A little stone excitement….

For the past few days, we have watched workers poking away at stone and coral walls on a house adjacent from house and working to take it down. We hear little bits fall from time to time. One day we came home to a blockage on the path to our house because they were taking down a wall and didn’t want people to walk nearby so they would not be hit by falling rubble. This morning we woke to the usual sounds of them working on the house. A little while later, we heard a loud crash. I had been drinking my coffee in the living room and Keith was on the internet in the bedroom, but we both rushed to the balcony to see what had happened and noticed that one of the floors in the adjacent house had fallen in on itself, but it was not the wall closest to the path or our building. We went back to our various activities and a little while later we heard a much louder and longer crash. We again rushed out to the balcony to see what had happened and this is what we found.

 

 

The house that fell.

The house that fell.

Quickly a crowd formed to see what had happened and assess the damage. We saw our landlord and his son-in-law, who are the leaders of this area, come to talk to people and to start to figure out a solution. Water lines and power lines were knocked off the side of the building and so there was a rush to shut the water off to those lines. Some of our neighbors don’t have electricity now. Most importantly, we are thankful that they reported that no one was injured in the collapse, and we still have both water and electricity for now.

The path is unpassable, but they are now working on that. In the video, you can hear the water flowing immediately after the collapse.

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We are glad people are okay. A little excitement in our neighborhood and we have a bird’s eye view from our balcony.

Our trip to Nairobi

It has been a few weeks since I have posted, but it has been a busy few weeks. Most importantly for us, we went to Nairobi, Kenya for the weekend on Friday November 18 to meet our friends, who were visiting us from the US. Together, we returned to Zanzibar on Sunday November 20 with our friends and hosted them for the week here during their Thanksgiving vacation.  We had a fantastic time with them and did some of the tourist things that we don’t normally do, but saved some touristy opportunities for other visitors.

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We visited the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust to see elephants.

Here are a few highlights from our trip to Nairobi.

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This is Esampu, the elephant that I adopted. She is greedy and likes to eat a lot. They also said she was naughty.

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It was a very rainy day, but the elephants and us still had fun.

We went to the Giraffe Center.

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twiga-lips

This one likes me a lot.

We also did a safari in Nairobi National Park.

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It is rare to see the rhinos up close. There are fewer than 10 left in this park.

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Zebras seen from the restaurant we ate at next to the park.

I will share the highlights from the time in Zanzibar later in the week.

Boats and rain, do I sense a water theme?

 

Over the last two days, I have had so much fun teaching my classes and doing a training at a local school. For the US Fulbright Scholar grants, different countries have different sets of responsibilities: some are teaching grants, some are research grants, and some countries expect scholars to do both teaching and research. All Tanzanian Fulbright US Scholar grants are both teaching and research grants and I am very happy about this. Because in my regular position as a professor, I do research, teaching, and service, I am happy to have the opportunity to do all three here as well. In terms of service, I hope to have some small role in building the capacity of teachers and teacher educators during my time in Zanzibar.

I am teaching two classes this semester: Teaching Science and Mathematics in Early Childhood Education and Observation and Reflection. Observation and Reflection is similar to a pre-practicum or a field experience class. The students spend some time in the seminar with me and some observing in schools. Of course, several of the students are currently teachers in schools, some at the pre-primary level. Because I have the same 30 students in my two classes, I can link content and really get to know my students.

As part of my science class, I wanted to start the semester focusing on inquiry skills and thinking of ways to incorporate open and focused explorations into lessons. I wanted them thinking about how to teach children the necessary content for exams through fun investigations and explorations. I have been fortunate over the past few years to work with great colleagues who are science educators and who taught me so much about how to design and implement inquiry in STEM (science, technology, engineering, and math). In January, I had a wonderful opportunity to travel to Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda to explore the state of primary science in these countries and look at where inquiry fit in the current curricula of these countries. I am grateful to Arthur and Marilyn for including me on this journey. Visiting classrooms, watching science, and talking to science teachers during that trip impacted how I designed my class to help find the connection between the content-focused curriculum and inquiry skills and problem solving.

Materials and tested boats

Materials and tested boats

From the beginning, I wanted the students to play and try an exploration just like the children will do. I reviewed some of the units from the African Primary Science Program that we explored as part of our trip to the three East African countries. These units contained some fun activities that used local materials that are cheap or free and easy to obtain. On Friday, I decided to take one of the activities from the Sinking and Floating unit and modify it for preschool age children. The activity was called Boats and Passengers. The students designed and build a boat in groups out of newspaper.

One group's boat

One group’s boat

We then floated the boats in a bowl of water and we added passengers (our bottle caps). In the original activity, they used metal bottle caps which are heavier, but I could only get plastic caps from our water bottles.

Since we needed to add more weight or passengers, but I ran out of bottle caps, so we added the plastic toy I had from a previous activity.

Adding the plastic piece capsized the passengers

Adding the plastic piece capsized the passengers

The students had a lot of fun and I really enjoyed seeing them strategize how to put the passengers in the boat, analyze the different boats they saw groups make and test, and play with each other.

Today, I did a training at a school. It was exciting to see teachers so eager to learn and who were willing to come on a Saturday and listen to me. We discussed co-teaching and using Bloom’s Taxonomy to write objectives and plan lessons. We also discussed some classroom management techniques. Plus, this is the first training I have ever done in bare feet. The teachers were sitting on the floor on grass mats in front of the blackboard and it is customary to remove your shoes when on the grass mats. It was very comfortable. I might try teaching barefoot more often.

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It is very rainy here now and the rains are very heavy, but only for 15-60 minutes as a time. The way the water pools and flows down the street is amazing. Keith had written on his blog a few weeks ago that we need to follow the locals regarding the rain and do what they do. We failed to do that today, yet again. We thought that we could get home before the rain got bad as it was only about 10 minutes away. We were wrong. When we saw we were the only people walking down the street, we should have taken it as a sign. We kept walking and ended up soaking wet, and we were still 5 minutes from home. When we got home, our clothes were soaked through and literally dripping water everywhere. Next time, we will get dessert or a drink and wait it out for 20 minutes.

Here is a video of the rain from during our lunch. This was the first downpour of the day. We got wet in the second one.

 

Thoughts on ethnography in the social media age and some pictures

It is hard to believe that it is already November. First, that would mean that I am already over six weeks into my Fulbright and data collection has not really commenced. Second, it is nice and warm here, which I associate with summer, not fall, especially after living in the Boston area for the last six years. But, I am not complaining. I remind myself when I get hot of the wonderful opportunity and the beach sunsets and rooftop water views.

View from Rooftop restaurant at Jefferji House

View from Rooftop restaurant at Jafferji House

 

View from Rooftop restaurant at Jefferji House

View from Rooftop restaurant at Jafferji House

Next year I can be cold again, although I have seen that it is currently unseasonably warm in the Midwest and Northeast.
In the week or so since I last wrote a blog entry, I have visited schools to set up contact with principals and get permission to be in schools and classrooms to start my research. I have organized with one school to do a training this weekend as part as of the cooperative relationship that I want to create with schools. I have also started teaching in the last week at the university.
Keith also started teaching and I encourage you to read his blog entries from the last week (www.kamacdonaldphoto.com) to learn whether I am being replaced or not and about his teaching experiences.
My class size is similar to the classes I teach in the US at 30 students, which I am thankful for, because I know that some classes in the university are 100 or 300. My students are also similar to my students at UMass Boston in that they are mostly working in the field of education and teaching in schools in some capacity, some as early childhood teachers. Some also work with early childhood students as well as other levels because even at the younger grades, students specialize in teaching subjects so my students may teach Arabic or Science to children from preschool to grade 2.
As I started to think about how to blog about my research and my time here, the personal stuff was easy, but I realized that the research aspects were different. When I did my dissertation research and was conducting an ethnography, I did not have a blog in 2008-2009. More recently, I have been volunteering with a project in Moshi that I blog about a lot when I am there, but this project is partially service to the field and the project specifically and partially research. I rarely discuss the specific aspects of the research, but frequently discuss the environment and the service aspect. But, that is not an ethnographic project. That is a mixed methods research study with a heavy focus on the quantitative assessment data. The blog entries represented a very different lens than both the qualitative and quantitative data.
An ethnography is different. I am realizing that while I want to share aspects of my experience in preschools, I need to be very careful, both for ethical reasons and research credibility reasons, what I put up on the blog. I am developing a trust with my collaborators and participants and I am following a process. The making meaning of data does not happen instantaneously, like numbers being entered into a spreadsheet and an analysis run, the meaning grows and develops as I record data, discuss with participants, rewrite ideas, discuss again, attempt to triangulate with other sources and member checks, and then draw shared conclusions about the lived experiences of teachers and children in these classrooms. While I could write my notes each day and code them and write memos with conclusions or ideas about the meaning, it is not a complex, descriptive understanding of the given events or lessons without feedback and input from the teachers and other community members. As the title of my research states, I am studying “teacher decision-making.” I can’t evaluate teacher decision making about any aspect of the lesson or environment or their actions, without asking them questions and listening to their perspectives.
So, as part of telling the story of teachers and children in Zanzibari preschools, I will be limiting what I share here about research and it may be somewhat superficial, until I have had time to process and make meaning with my participants and can offer a shared understanding of what I am learning and not just my initial observations. I want to be open to the research process and to developing ideas organically and not assuming that because I wrote it down in a blog it is the correct explanation.
I can offer a simple example by just telling you what I saw in one class, where I am not doing research. The children were learning about the colors of the Tanzanian flag. During this lesson, the children talked about the colors of the flag, how to write and spell the names of the colors, and the meaning of the different colors. For example, green represents the plants and vegetation and yellow represents the gold and minerals present in the country. In addition to discussing the colors, the children also sang a patriotic song that I had heard before and the National Anthem. For this lesson, I can ask the teacher about the goals of the lesson and the decisions on how to present the colors and the meanings, but I also want to know more about the songs and why they are important. The children knew all the words to the songs and sang loudly, even though they were young. Where do they learn them and when? Why is it important to teach this information? I have many questions beyond these that help me to understand the social context of this lesson and the meaning making that is happening for the children and teachers. If I were including this classroom, I would want to know more about these ideas and more. But, I also would not want to present an incomplete picture, either just my classroom observation or my own impressions. Of course, my impressions and thoughts are part of the ethnographic process and will be incorporated into memos in my research file, but again, each piece is only part of the story. For a metaphor, I like to think of each piece as a sentence in the story. I may have five or six sentences that are part of the story but do not connect. I have some idea of the story, but it doesn’t yet make sense. As I ask more questions, gather more data, and incorporate the perspectives of participants and collaborators, they each give me a sentence in the story and tell me where it fits, so that in the end I have a beautiful story that makes sense and shares something significant and meaningful to all of us.

Mchuzi , makande, na wali (a meat stew with some beans and rice. My lunch at SUZA on Friday. It was tasty.

Mchuzi, makande, na wali (a meat stew) with some beans and rice. My lunch at SUZA on Friday. It was tasty.

If you are still with me, I offer you a selection of pictures from my personal adventures in the last week.

The sunrise I saw from my balcony when I got up for work last week.

The sunrise I saw from my balcony when I got up for work last week.

 

A new appreciation for Part-time faculty and the end of tourist time

It has been awhile since I posted on the blog, but that is because we have been busy doing lots of things and getting ready for the semester to start. Some are more touristy-type things and some were just routine things to move the work forward. We have also enjoyed meeting new people from different organizations over the last few weeks.

An appetizer I enjoyed last weekend during the Stone Town Food Festival (aka restaurant weekend)

An appetizer I enjoyed last weekend during the Stone Town Food Festival (aka restaurant weekend)

On the touristy side (I don’t want to say more fun side because the research pieces have also been fun), we spent last weekend with our friend Caroline who was visiting from Dar es Salaam. She and her husband were our closest friends when we lived in Lushoto in 2008-2009 and we spent a lot of time with them and their family then. She came to Zanzibar for work and we got to learn more about what she is doing now and some organizations that she is involved with. In Lushoto, she also worked at the Rainbow School where I did my dissertation, but she worked with the Outreach Program. Now, she is in Dar again working with the Lutheran Diocese and starting a new vocational training center for youth with disabilities to provide job skills and employment opportunities. She came to Zanzibar with a group of Germans who were filming projects in this area for a documentary. I will share more on the projects and activities in my next entry. We did have a lot of fun meeting new people and learning more about the work of the German film crew. One of the men was a freelance journalist and another was a photographer and videographer, so Keith very much enjoyed talking about photography and media with them.

 

Vegetable platter with hummus, pesto, and baba ghanoush and calamari

Vegetable platter with hummus, pesto, and babaghanoush and calamari

We also tried a another restaurant here for the first time this week, La Taperia, with tapas and sandwiches and the food was outstanding. The calamari was so fresh and delicious. And we bought mangos and watermelon and I carved them for snacks. Since I normally buy the pre-cut fruit in the supermarket, I found this to be quite an accomplishment, especially because I didn’t waste much due to my poor cutting skills.

A potato and cheese tapa with ham

A potato and cheese tapa with ham

And this week, I finally got started on my research. I went to visit six prospective schools that are all within walking distance of our house. Right now, I don’t have any new pictures of the schools, because I was just doing the meet and greet with principals and school leaders to get permission for my research. Everyone was very welcoming and my colleague who escorted me and introduced me to teachers and principals was very helpful. As we find in Boston, he also knew teachers at several of the schools, either through a personal connection or mostly because teachers were also students in the SUZA education programs. Each of these schools are different, but all have preschool classes (ages 4-6 here), but some are also primary schools. They represent the three different types of preschool programs: government, community-based Madrasa, and private schools. I was very grateful to my colleagues at SUZA for their work in getting me my government research permit. It was interesting to see how important that document was for entry, but also how that document allowed access and cooperation with my approved research topic and methodologies. When I am done with my research, I also have to provide reports to the government and follow all the guidelines, but that is also part of the exchange of ideas and I welcome the feedback from the government on my findings.

Tunguu campus

Tunguu campus

Yesterday, I went to the university campus in Tunguu where I will be teaching for this school year and participated in the orientation for new students in the early childhood, inclusive education, and physical education diploma programs. The pictures below of the orientation were taken by my colleague Umayra Said.  

Faculty waiting for the presentations to start

Faculty waiting for the presentations to start

 

A faculty member explaining the programs

A faculty member explaining the programs

 

Students listening to the orientation presentation and asking questions

Students listening to the orientation presentation and asking questions

I also received an office and found the classroom where I will be teaching one of my classes.

My office

My office

The view outside from my office window

The view outside from my office window

In the last few weeks, I have gained a new appreciation for what it is like to be an adjunct or part-time faculty member. For the last five and a half years in my position at UMass Boston, I have been a program director and in charge of schedules, information, syllabi, and other details. Although I also had to learn the system there, I have spent most of my time being the person who gave information and answered the questions from part-time faculty and addressed issues. Everyone here has been very welcoming and helpful, but sometimes I didn’t realize that I had a question or needed something until I was trying to address a problem and I needed assistance here to solve it. I am not in charge. I don’t mind that, but then I am dependent on others as our adjunct faculty are on myself and the other program directors to help them on all kinds of issues like how can I get a site for putting up links and documents, where do I print and copy things, and how do I get a projector for my classroom? We have some of the same scheduling issues to deal with here with times and rooms, but on Monday classes will start and learning will commence. This year on Facebook, my colleague Kristin Murphy, talked about the new semester excitement and jitters that she feels every time even though she has been doing it awhile. I am feeling that excitement and the jitters for my next week, but I can’t wait for this new adventure.

One of my classrooms

One of my classrooms

The student view in my classroom

The student view in my classroom

 

Once a teacher, always a teacher, even on the beach

This evening we decided to walk to the gelato store and then take a stroll on the beach to watch the sunset. It is a very busy beach in Stone Town on a Saturday night, with many local Zanzibaris enjoying swimming, sand, and strolling. Keith and I were strolling and stopped occasionally for him to take different pictures of the sunset, people, and the different activities. As we were walking, two boys came up to us and explained that they were students and trying to learn English and wanted to talk to us in English to practice and to get advice on what to do to better learn English. We explained that we were both working at the university and Keith would be teaching English and had taught English in Tanzania in the past. We had an interesting conversation for about 20 minutes. During the conversation, Keith mentioned that I spoke Swahili and the boys asked me what was hard about learning Swahili and what I did to improve. We talked about listening to the news and reading English and speaking in English even when speaking in Swahili was easier. At the end of the conversation, they asked me to show them my Swahili and explained what I did and taught and the types of children and teachers I work with in Swahili. I think they were impressed.

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Keith caught this photo of me speaking to our group that grew throughout the conversation.